Brandon Davies and BYU’s strange definition of “honor”

LDS (Mormon) owned Brigham Young University just dismissed Brandon Davies, a key player on their #3 ranked men’s basketball team, for violating the school’s honor code. Davies was apparently dismissed because he and his girlfriend had premarital sex. Amazingly, a number of otherwise liberal bloggers and mainstream media figures who are applauding BYU for “sticking to their principles” in this case (including Jon Stewart, for heaven’s sake). Many are also castigating Davies for breaking a “contract” and “letting his teammates down.” Um, no. Fail.

BYU’s right to define its own rules doesn’t make those rules or how they’re applied inherently right, or exempt them from criticism and scrutiny. There are undoubtedly quite a lot of sexually active, unmarried students at BYU. The honor code holds up standards the school must know a large proportion of the student body won’t be able to meet, and the vast majority of people will get away with breaking. According to one BYU alum, the rules are unevenly applied; Davies may be subject to a double standard because he’s part of a nationally prominent team.

As for claims that BYU showed “integrity” and “courage” by giving up potential wins for its principles – I’m sorry, but that’s utter bullshit. It doesn’t take “courage” to turn a 19 year old into a national spectacle. It would take more courage for such a conservative institution to acknowledge that not everything is black and white, and to take a nuanced, non-judgmental approach to the situation. Or to acknowledge that maybe there’s more than one way to deal with offenses, and the harshest way is often more self-righteousness and legalism than it is thoughtful adherence to “principles.”

In order to maintain their “integrity” as a religious institution, BYU showed appalling disregard for the welfare of two young people and their families. But even if Davies were a grown man, “rules is rules” would be a shitty excuse for throwing context, nuance, or basic human decency and compassion out the window.  Is the purpose of a religious code of conduct to weed out anyone who doesn’t behave perfectly? An excuse to expose anyone who makes a mistake to national scrutiny and humiliation? Or to help people make better choices and live well? Insisting on rules for their own sake lacks compassion – it makes being human itself into a sin and a failing. Is this what passes for pastoral care at BYU?

Davies now feels he owes his teammates an apology for having consensual sex, which is just sad and awful. Funny how some churches claim to believe sexuality is an incredibly private thing but still put it on such public display. Apparently that’s only bad if someone chooses to express themselves sexually in a not entirely private context; exposing someone’s body or sex life to public scrutiny without their consent is just fine. One wonders if the famous BYU alums who are defending the school would be willing to have their sexual histories laid out for public consumption and examined to see if they held up the honor code as students. Somehow I think not.

The bottom line is what Brandon Davies and his girlfriend have or haven’t done sexually, assuming consent, is NO ONE’S BUSINESS BUT THEIR OWN. It’s no business of the coach, the team, or the university. It’s damn sure not the country’s business. This is an inexcusable violation of the privacy and dignity of Davies, his girlfriend, and their families. They are owed an apology. Davies didn’t let his teammates, his fans, BYU, or anyone else down. The adults and the institution who are supposed to be looking out for him let him down. The awful irony is that Davies is implicitly praised for apologizing for consensual sex in the same culture where Ben Roethlisberger and myriad other athletes with a history of rape or sexual assault are under little or no pressure to apologize for their behavior (thanks to @FearlessFemme for pointing this out).

Davies is a young black man at a predominantly white institution; he belongs to a predominantly white religion (in the U.S.) with a long, documented history of institutionalized racism and white privilege. The holding up of a young black Mormon as a national example of sexual transgression has to be understood in that context, and in the broader hypersexualization of black men and other men of color in U.S. culture. Rumors that Davies’ girlfriend is white have also fueled comments, which one doesn’t have to look hard to find, speculating about her judgment, self-esteem, and even body image and weight because of her decision to date and have sex with a black man. Such comments indicate the persistence of old, ugly attitudes about racial “miscegenation” in the U.S.. It’s worth noting here that the 100+ years ban on black men in the Mormon priesthood, lifted only in 1978, is thought to have been a response to an interracial marriage between a white woman and the son of a black elder in the early years of the LDS church.

There’s also a concerning pattern here of male athletes of color coming under university scrutiny over the honor code – now at least three in the past year. Harvey Unga, a Tongan football player, and Keilani Moeaki, a women’s basketball player, voluntarily withdrew from BYU in 2010 for honor code violations presumably sexual in nature, as Moeaki gave birth to their son three months later. Michael Loyd, another black basketball player, left BYU for reasons reported by the school and its supporters to be related to discipline problems and possible honor code violations. It’s unclear at this point whether Davies will remain at BYU – whether he will be expelled, as is reported to be a possible penalty for an honor code violation of this “seriousness,” or transfer elsewhere. If he is expelled, it will raise further questions about the disposability of young black men in higher education and athletics.

I find it telling that very little concern has been expressed for Davies’ girlfriend. She’s entirely out of the picture as a stock figure and sexual objected implicitly blamed for luring Davies into making a “mistake.” We shouldn’t lose sight of the fact that this young woman has had her sex life turned into fodder for national debate overnight. If, like Davies, she’s also a member of the LDS church, the scrutiny may be even more damaging; in cultures like conservative Mormonism, a man might be forgiven the “indiscretion” of premarital sex or even an affair because that’s just “how men are.” Women in such cultures, by contrast, are simultaneously constructed as asexual and as natural objects of male desire, especially if they are white (women of color are often depicted as naturally hypersexual and inclined to promiscuity).

In addition to being extremely misogynist and racist, this view of gender and sexuality is also extremely heteronormative. It’s as obvious that even a “good” young man would want to have sex with a young woman as it is that any “good” young woman wouldn’t want to have sex unless she were deceived or susceptible in some way. If she wanted to have sex, she must have been bad in some way. Obviously these ideas aren’t limited to religion, and they’re some of the ideas that constitute and perpetuate rape culture. Still, they’re more explicit in patriarchal religions like Mormonism, and even codified into official teaching.

There are rumors that Davies was found out because his girlfriend is pregnant; who knows if that’s true. This certainly seems to have been a factor in Unga and Moeaki’s departures from BYU, however, and it points to incredible hypocrisy on the part of a supposedly pro-life institution. Given the school’s past behavior, unmarried student athletes who find themselves pregnant must face external pressure to terminate in order to avoid losing their scholarships. If abortion is really and truly murder – the LAST thing a pro-life religious institution should do is punish someone for getting pregnant and and not terminating. People who make the tough decision to continue an unplanned pregnancy in a context where they will be vilified and potentially lose their reputations and jobs for being sexually active should be applauded by pro-life institutions as courageous and honorable by their own internal standards, not punished and shunned.

Davies and his girlfriend shouldn’t be ashamed of having consensual premarital sex. But BYU should be ashamed of violating their privacy, making their sex lives into a spectacle, and failing to show compassion. And BYU’s defenders need to learn that “rules is rules” isn’t actually a “principled” stance at all.

22 Comments

  1. I think its important to understand that the University never released any personal information regarding Mr. Davies supposed transgression. The “accusation” of premarital sex came from an unnamed source in the Salt Lake Tribune. We don’t know for sure if any of the suggestions that he had sex are true! In fact, the school did not expell him or even kick him off the team, they simply suspended him until they could find out more information. That actually sounds like a very nuanced approach to me. Carri Jenkins, the BYU press representative said the same thing, that each situation is different and will be treated as such. She also refused to comment regarding what Davies did. No, it was the hyper intrusive internet media who destroyed Davies’ and his girlfriend’s privacy. These are facts, go back and read the original news stories in the Tribune and watch Jenkins’ and Tom Holmoe’s press conference.

    I think its offensive to call racism on this issue. I was a student-athlete at BYU and observed some students who broke the honor code. White students were dealt with the same way as black or polynesian students. I would like you to present some evidence showing minority students are treated more harshly in this matter.

    If you watched the game yesterday where BYU beat Wyoming, you would have seen Davies sitting on the sidelines with his team. He helped cut down the net after the team clinched the conference championship. He received a larger ovation than even Jimmer Fredette. He is not being shunned or judged at the school, but instead is even more respected. He will be back playing for BYU because we believe in compassion and second chances.

    Before you cast aspersions on an entire culture, religion, and 13 million people I would only ask that you make a serious attempt to understand the culture, beliefs, and practice that you publicly denigrate.

    • Hi Kellen, thanks for your comment and welcome to the blog.

      As I explained in more detail in comments below, this post is not about the entire LDS church or culture. I didn’t say Davies is being punished because of his race, but rather that it’s a factor that affects how his situation is read, and the implications of how it’s being handled. Davies’s acceptance of his situation doesn’t make BYU’s handling of the case fair, nor does it make his sex life any more BYU’s business (whether or not they discussed the allegations publicly, they still consider his sex life to be their concern – I strongly disagree). I also don’t think it’s an extraordinary display of compassion to let Davies sit with the team, etc. – that seems like just basic decency under the circumstances.

      My opinion of BYU’s handling of the situation is just that – an opinion. I’ve laid out my reasons for it, I don’t expect anyone to agree with it automatically.

      • I think you make some valid points, especially regarding Davies sexual life being the business of the University. My sex life is certainly not something I want to discuss openly with some random administrator. In most cases, the University acts as a liaison between the student and the ecclesiastical leader. To me this is more appropriate, but for some reason which I don’t understand the university is more involved in some cases. With Brandon Davies, we don’t know how much the university is involved beyond suspending him.

        I did read the post you linked to from the anonymous BYU alum discussing the honor code. In my opinion, there seemed to be numerous inconsistencies in his view, which I would be happy to discuss with you, maybe in private email conversation. I would be hesitant taking that post as the average view of a BYU student concerning the honor code.

        In my opinion this is the purpose of the honor code: BYU athletes represent the university, which is owned by the LDS church. By extension athletes are a representation of LDS members around the world. I was a student-athlete at BYU about 5 years ago and I will tell you that we honestly felt that way. As an LDS community, we decided that those students representing us on the playing fields should be held to a standard that is “typical” of the average LDS church member. This became a big deal in 2004 when a hand full of football players got in major legal trouble. Many of us felt like this reflected poorly on our community and we even discussed getting rid of BYU sports (no football? Blasphemy!) I think its not unfair to ask someone who is representing you to represent what you value. Now, I am sure you and I will not agree as to whether abstaining pre-marital sex is something that all LDS members should consider a “value”. Fair enough, I can see your point. But that value stems from our doctrine and I don’t consider it unfair to ask those who represent our church and its members to try and live that doctrine. It is the same standard to which all church members try to live. Hopefully that can help provide some context regarding why we have an honor code, even if you don’t agree with it.

        Thank you for facilitating this discussion.

        • Kellen – feel free to send me your thoughts on how the honor code is applied by email: arewomenhuman2 at gmail dot com.

          I don’t think the issue of representing BYU justifies Davies’ treatment in this situation. If he had harmed someone or committed a crime, I would understand why BYU would not want him to represent the institution. However, given that he merely failed to live up to an ideal, suspending him sends the message that only people who are able to live up perfectly to that ideal can represent BYU. That to me seems an unfair and spiritually damaging position to take, given human frailty – or our tendency to sin, if you prefer, which I’m assuming the LDS church believes in (please correct me if I’m wrong).

  2. thefrogprincess says:

    So let me preface this by saying that I’m not Mormon, don’t really agree with Mormonism, and as such, am not an apologist for the religion. That being said, I think your description of the religion is off; it sounds more like evangelical Protestant Christianity than Mormonism. (Just a note: one of my closest friends is Mormon and Nigerian and liberal. She also happens to be the person whose faith I admire the most, b/c I know how carefully she’s thought through her religious beliefs. I’ve also had other great experiences with Mormoms, which I really cannot say for Southern Baptists.)

    Where I think you get things wrong is the assumption that white men’s sexual dalliances would be ignored, while those of white and black women are paraded around. There’s no doubt that Mormonism is patriarchal, and I’m certainly uncomfortable with that. But as I understand it, men are held to the same sexual standards as women. The idea of “that’s how men are” doesn’t seem to exist in the same way as in many protestant denominations. In fact, my Mormon friend looks at evangelical Protestantism and laughs. Certainly she’s an exception, a product of her education and her international experiences. But I think there’s something about the hierarchical nature of the religion (and the incentives in the afterlife, keeping in mind that Mormons have a different conception of hell than do Protestants) that in fact doesn’t allow men to do whatever they want. I suspect those BYU alums’ sexual history wouldn’t be as hypocritical as you suggest.

    Along those lines, I think the race issue is slightly more complicated than you make it. Certainly, there are race issues in the church that I at least wouldn’t be able to get past. I suspect that Davies isn’t being punished b/c he’s black but b/c of the “sin”. But since this is happening in the US, it taps into an ugly undercurrent of race where black men are considered hypersexualized threats to the virtue of white women.

    Where you and I agree is on the issue of the honor code and the result of this affair. I don’t think honor codes should dictate sexual behavior. It’s up to individuals to reach the standards they’ve set for themselves; and the Mormons I know have no problem with this. Furthermore, the effect of what has happened has indeed made Davies a national spectacle and shunted his girlfriend to the side. (For what it’s worth, I also don’t think Mormons have the same toxic relationship to sex that many evangelical conservatives do.)

    I’m not being all that articulate here, especially since I haven’t studied the religion all that intensively. But I do know that as I’ve learned more about Mormonism through my friends, I’ve realized that in some crucial aspects it bears little resemblance to the forms of Christianity that you’ve been describing. That makes things like Davies’s suspension even more interesting and complicated.

    • Thanks for the feedback! :)

      I wanted to address some of the points you raise but had to cut a lot out of the post for length, and I think some nuance was lost in the process. From what I’ve read you’re right that Mormons are on the whole much less hypocritical on the issue of premarital sex. I mistakenly left this article that suggests as much out of my final draft of the post. My point wasn’t to imply that Mormons are having premarital sex at the same rates as everyone else, but rather that even assuming much lower rates of premarital sex, BYU would still have to expel quite a lot of students – hundreds, at least – every year to if it were to apply its honor code consistently. And it seems to be the case that they don’t apply it consistently or evenly, at least according to the interview with the BYU alum I linked in the post.

      What you said – since this is happening in the US, it taps into an ugly undercurrent of race where black men are considered hypersexualized threats to the virtue of white women – is the point I was trying to make, with the additional point that that racialized and gendered undercurrent also has a specific history in the LDS church. I don’t think they’re the cause of Davies’s situation – I don’t think he’s being punished because he’s black or his girlfriend is white – but I do think those factors (or assumed factors in the girlfriend’s case) affect how Davies’s situation is read, and that context is important to understanding the national conversation about his case and the implications for the people directly affected.

      Issues of race/nationality/ethnicity in Mormonism are definitely complicated, as are issues of gender and sexuality and politics in general. The American LDS church is a far bigger tent than white evangelical Protestantism – there are very liberal Mormons like Harry Reid and very conservative ones like Orrin Hatch. I tried to gesture towards this by talking about “conservative Mormonism” as a distinct culture, but that’s another point where I sacrificed nuance for the sake of conciseness. Even so, I think there are significant points of cultural overlap between conservative Mormonism and conservative evangelicalism, for a number of reasons.

      One of the issues here is that Mormonism as a missionary religion outside the US is a very different beast from Mormonism in the US, which is a quintessentially American religion. Historically, it’s a sect that grew out of a peculiarly American (and largely white) mysticism that itself grew out of American evangelical protestantism, and beliefs in America as a sort of promised land. Again, the church has diversified since then, but I think there are still significant pockets of Mormonism that bear strong cultural similarities in certain respects to American evangelical protestantism because of shared roots. There’s also a history of racialized theology in Mormonism, building on the idea of the curse of Cain, that some pockets of the American LDS church are still grappling with today (there are still white Mormons, for example, who will defend the priesthood ban as a proper revelation and not as a mistake, and who still privately believe that dark skin originated as a mark of sin, etc., and some black Mormons still feel quite marginalized in the church).

      My personal experience is also with more conservative Mormon culture, which is very similar in terms of gender expectations and racial dynamics to the church cultures I grew up in – virtually identical in a lot of respects, actually. But that’s certainly not representative of the entire LDS church.

      • I’ll be brief: I’m with you, I do think there are serious race issues in the church, although I’d say that the church outside the US is increasingly more connected to church as based in Utah. But I guess my main point was that your treatment at the beginning of the post seemed to rest a lot on the idea of different standards for white men than everyone else, and I don’t get the sense that that’s present to the same degree as in other denominations.

        Also, I worry about potential slippages between “conservative LDS” and FLDS. I too know more conservative, Utah-based Mormons and the friend I mentioned is very much tapped into that Utah network. And from what I’ve seen, the hierarchy works in slightly different ways and without some of the same Joshua Harris-type nonsense.

        • I guess my main point was that your treatment at the beginning of the post seemed to rest a lot on the idea of different standards for white men than everyone else, and I don’t get the sense that that’s present to the same degree as in other denominations.

          Hmm. In terms of what I was trying to say, the first half of the post has nothing to do with race – it’s about problems with the way honor and principle are being defined by BYU and its defenders in this case, and the lack of consideration for Davies et al’s privacy, youth, and dignity. Those comments would apply if Davies were white, too. I deliberately didn’t start off talking about race because it’s important context but not the main issue. If you mean where I talk about standards being applied unevenly, I was referring to Davies status as an athlete and visible representative of BYU, not referring to his race.

          I have no trouble believing BYU would be just as draconian with a white player; but I also have no trouble thinking that athletes of color may face unconsciously closer scrutiny at BYU, since that’s the case at pretty much any predominantly white school.

          I’m not quite following re: the FLDS. The differences between them and conservative LDS church members are so stark that I don’t see how there could be much slippage between the two…I mean, women and children are *literally* property to be abused at will in the FLDS, and their leader believes whites are in a race war with blacks. Neither conservative Mormons nor the Joshua Harris or John Piper types come anywhere close to that kind of open bigotry and contempt. In terms of gender expectations, I wasn’t talking about church hierarchy (if that’s what you mean by hierarchy) but rather about cultural expectations/trends around marriage, family life, and child-rearing – e.g., marrying young, having lots of kids relatively young and closely spaced, mom stays at home, mom/wife as “keeper of the home,” etc.

          • Fair enough. Clearly I misunderstood that first half; the idea that athletes as a whole were being held to a higher, more public standard didn’t register.

            As for FLDS, my concerns there are not so much from what you’ve posted but more to my observations of depictions of Mormonism in general (Big Love and Sister Wives being the two most prominent depictions of Mormonism right now) as well as seeing polygamy constantly pop up as an attempt to point out the hypocrisy over the Brandon Davies case. You don’t make those links, but I’ve seen them elsewhere and wonder about the need for precision in these debates.

            • I probably could have been more clear!

              I see re: Mormonism in pop culture. I didn’t have that in mind when I was writing the post.

  3. I was raised in the Mormon church and I am not currently practicing. As a former Mormon and BYU student I will have to say that you are very off in your analysis of this matter. There is, without doubt, fodder to be made with the origins and early practice of Mormonism, but I’ll have to say I had a bit of a chuckle with your article. Mormons and BYU (though not perfect) are just about the most fair and compassionate group you will find anywhere. If you were to spend more time around the LDS you would learn this rather quickly. Btw, Brandon’s grace shown through this whole very unfortunate incident is very typical of the sort of character that one would find with a man or woman raised in the LDS faith; something that is not well represented in the NBA today. I have my own reasons for not belonging presently with the Mormon Church, but I would not throw the baby out with the bath water on this one.

    • Hi Mike, thanks for the comment and welcome to the blog.

      The post is not actually a commentary on Mormons or Mormonism as a whole. It’s about:
      – BYU’s honor code
      – how it’s been applied in Davies’s and other recent cases
      – media and public response to BYU’s handling of Davies’s case
      – historical and cultural context that’s potentially relevant given the racial and gender dynamics of this situation.

      I do know practicing LDS people and have found them all to be very nice people. That doesn’t mean that BYU’s handling of this case is compassionate. It’s nice that Davies is dealing with all this gracefully, but that also doesn’t make BYU’s response compassionate or fair.

  4. Tony Williams says:

    No, I think it is a accurate depiction of this church. For decades they taught that Black people were inferior and that Black men could not hold this priesthood. That’s a fact. I believe this issue will conjure up old sentiments of keeping Black and Whites separate, in terms of marriage or relationships. If it weren’t for minority athletes at these schools, then you would never hear about no BYU.

    • Hi Tony, thanks for the comment and welcome to the blog. I think you’re absolutely right that for some (not all) Mormons, this will stir up some old issues about white superiority and avoiding “race mixing.” It already has, as is evident from some of the comments online about the case. I also believe that for many Mormons, Davies’ race is not an issue. For me the questions of race and gender and how they relate to LDS history and culture are relevant more as context for this situation than as direct causes of the situation or representative of all of Mormonism today.

  5. Tony-
    Have you personally associated with the Church? On what basis do you claim this is an accurate depiction? I will be the first to admit I am not proud of the LDS Church’s past in racial matters, but why are we one of the few institutions that is not allowed to move beyond its past? Remember, the United States Government was the most egregious perpetrator when it came to institutional racism. Yet, few today still label the government as a racist organization. The vast majority of LDS people have no racial bias, please allow us to move past the sins of our past.

    • Kellen – racism is not a thing of the past. Institutionalized racism continues to be a huge issue in the U.S., both on a political and cultural level, and religion is no exception. Further, the point isn’t to point a finger of guilt at anyone for past racism, but rather to be honest about our history and deal with the ongoing impact it has in the present day. If you read more of this blog you’ll see that I discuss race issues in other sects as well, not just the LDS church. But it certainly is an issue in the LDS church – the issues around the priesthood ban and other racialized theologies are far from resolved for a lot of black and white Mormons, for example: http://www.juvenileinstructor.org/why-do-we-keep-talking-about-the-priesthood-ban-a-sermon

  6. Grace-

    Thanks for your replies. I am happy to know that you have done a lot of research on the LDS church and for treating us fairly. I don’t ask that people agree with us or whitewash our history, but just seek to understand us. If you felt like I was being too critical of your orginal article, I apologize. I have seen to many people opine on the Davies suspension who have no historical or cultural context in regards to Mormonism and BYU. I am glad that you are not that way.

    I think I failed to express my point about the LDS church being able to move beyond is past in racial matters. Certainly the facts are there and the exclusion of black members from holding the priesthood is not something I am proud of. I am not against discussing the issue or discussing how it is similar to the current status of women or homosexuals in the LDS community. My point is that many people still view the Church as a fundamentally racist organization. Many organizations that supported racial oppression have since improved and are no longer defined by their pasts. For some reason, I feel that many people refuse to let the LDS church move past this issue.

    To be honest, my experiences (I live in a Philadelphia area congregation that encompasses a large inner-city population) have shown that the vast majority of members are not proud of our past history in racial matters, but that it is no longer a stumbling block. In my congregation we have black members serving as the most prominent leaders and race is a complete non-issue with the congregation. I served an LDS mission in the deep south, so I know this type of racial harmony is not present in every congregation; but my experience has shown that racial biases seem within the LDS church seem to be correlated most highly with areas in the deep south and not to church members as a whole.

    Thank you for the dialogue on this subject.

  7. Grace,
    I have recently been dialoguing with ex-mo’s or former mormons.
    There is a lot of racism. There is a lot of sexism.
    There are a lot of people blind to it.
    Of course there are individuals and individual congregations that are anti-racist and anti-sexist, but the institution has racism and sexism embedded into it. Ignoring it because it hurts our feelings and our ideas of being liberal and democratic does not help.

    I think you made it clear that racism and sexism aren’t your main points, but that they cannot be forgotten.

    • There is a lot of racism. There is a lot of sexism.
      There are a lot of people blind to it.
      Of course there are individuals and individual congregations that are anti-racist and anti-sexist, but the institution has racism and sexism embedded into it.

      That’s how things look to me, too. Again, the LDS church is hardly the only religious institution with such problems. In fact I’d say it’s pretty much the rule rather than the exception.

  8. I have no idea whether or not we would agree on any political or social issue beyond the Davies situation but- this is the only thing on the entirety of the Internets that dealt w/ the real issue, you show tremendous common sense in writing about it w/ the insight and your no-bullshit perspective, and…this is stuff that needed to be said. I’m just a college basketball fan, so what do I know; but when I heard about the suspension, the very first thing I did was Google the woman’s name and see what race she was. I knew, of course, before I even did it; but there it was, a “Son Of Cain” daring to bed down w/ a white girl. Shockingly, this somehow was exposed to the BYU authorities and…well, there you have it. Excellent work uncovering the Tongan students and their similar travails; I had never heard of that (though I’m not surprised). But I do know that Mormons have sexual relations outside of marriage (because I myself have slept w/ Mormons, and I assure you I have never been married) and to think that nobody on the football or basketball teams fornicate…come the fuck on, BYU. I’ll be posting this to my Facebook page, I think it’s spot on. Cheers, – Tim

    • Timothy – welcome and thanks for the comment and feedback! I agree that the reaction to Davies’ case was sadly predictable. I started getting hits from searches about the race of Davies’ girlfriend the same day I put up this post. And like I said above, I do think BYU would hold up its white athletes to the same standard, but I suspect they don’t face the same kind of scrutiny as athletes of color do (again, not necessarily because of a deliberate focus on athletes of color).

      Thanks for sharing the post!

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